Tsar Teodor Svetoslav (1300 – 1321)

IN THE EARLY SPRING of 1300 a young Bulgarian was wandering about in the camp of the Tartar Golden Horde. Tsar Georgi Terter’s son had been sent there as a hostage of the powerful Tartar Khan Nogay who had complete control over the Bulgarian state, drained by Ivailo’s revolt. In Turnovo Tsar Georgi Terter was playing the humiliating role of vassal of the Tartars. Apprehensive about the Tsar’s freedom-loving character, in 1292 Khan Nogay had him replaced by the boyar Smilets who was faithful to the Tartars and Georgi Terter had to seek refuge in Byzantium.

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