Second Bulgarian Kingdom

Pronounced discontent occurred in the summer of 1185 in Northern Bulgaria, where the Constantinople government introduced an intolerable additional tax. This anti-Byzantine struggle was headed by the Turnovo boyars, Petar and Assen. In autumn of the same year they proclaimed restoration of the Bulgarian state before a multitude of people gathered for inauguration of the new St. Dimitrius church in Tirnovo. The elder of the two brothers – Petar (r. 1185-1190; 1196-1197) was crowned. In the years that followed, the Byzantines suffered many defeats in the southern Bulgarian lands. The second Bulgarian Kingdom added a lot of areas to its territory.Bulgaria also regained the Belgrade and Branichevo regions.

Tsar Peter II and Tsar Assen I (1185 – 1197)

ON A NOVEMBER DAY in 1185 hundreds of Bulgarians amassed in front of the newly erected Church of St. Demetrius…
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Tsar Kaloyan (1197 – 1207)

BY FINISHING THE WAR OF LIBERATION his brothers had started, Tsar Kaloyan, who ruled from 1197 to 1207, proved himself…
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Tsar Ivan Assen II (1218 – 1241)

MANY HISTORIANS HAVE WRITTEN of the life and deeds of Ivan Assen II and unanimous by recognize him as one…
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Tsar Ivailo (1278 – 1280)

IN THE LAST DAYS of Ivan Assen's rule, the threat of a Tartar invasion loomed over Bulgaria. His underage sons…
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Tsar Teodor Svetoslav (1300 – 1321)

IN THE EARLY SPRING of 1300 a young Bulgarian was wandering about in the camp of the Tartar Golden Horde.…
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Tsar Mihail Shishman (1323 – 1330)

FOLLOWING THE EARLY DEATH of Svetoslav's son, Georgi Terter II, Tsar Mihail Shishman took over. He spent the years of…
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Tsar Ivan Alexander (1331 – 1371)

TSAR IVAN ALEXANDER was the tsar with the unhappy fate of watching the medieval Bulgarian state fade away. The Despot…
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Tsar Ivan Shishman (1371 – 1395)

AN OLD RUSSIAN PROVERB SAYS that the thirst for power is the hardest to quench. Ivan Shishman, Ivan Alexander's frstborn…
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Tsar Ivan Stratsimir (1356 – 1396)

TSAR IVAN SRATSIMIR'S STATE spanned the lands between the Timok and the Iskar. He was crowned Tsar in Vidin at…
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