Second Bulgarian Kingdom

Pronounced discontent occurred in the summer of 1185 in Northern Bulgaria, where the Constantinople government introduced an intolerable additional tax. This anti-Byzantine struggle was headed by the Turnovo boyars, Petar and Assen. In autumn of the same year they proclaimed restoration of the Bulgarian state before a multitude of people gathered for inauguration of the new St. Dimitrius church in Tirnovo. The elder of the two brothers – Petar (r. 1185-1190; 1196-1197) was crowned. In the years that followed, the Byzantines suffered many defeats in the southern Bulgarian lands. The second Bulgarian Kingdom added a lot of areas to its territory.Bulgaria also regained the Belgrade and Branichevo regions.

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