History of Bulgaria

Prince Alexander I (1879 – 1886)

FOR FIVE CENTURIES IN SLAVERY, the Bulgarians cherished their memory of the regal images of their medieval rulers. After the…
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Stefan Stambolov (1887 – 1894)

"THE FIRST SIGN of true political wisdom has always been the ability to give up the unachievable," Stefan Zweig wrote.…
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Tsar Ferdinand (1887 – 1918)

HE WAS NOT A STUPID MAN, but he was a monarch too ready to act on his feelings. Beauty was…
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Alexander Stamboliyski (1919 – 1923)

A PEASANT LEADER AND PRIME MINISTER of Bulgaria in the strenuous post-war years, from October 1919 to June 1923, Alexander…
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Tsar Boris III (1918 – 1943)

"POLITICS IS NOT A SCIENCE, BUT ART": these words of Bismarck, the Iron Chancellor of Germany, were often cited by…
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Tsar Peter II and Tsar Assen I (1185 – 1197)

ON A NOVEMBER DAY in 1185 hundreds of Bulgarians amassed in front of the newly erected Church of St. Demetrius…
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Tsar Kaloyan (1197 – 1207)

BY FINISHING THE WAR OF LIBERATION his brothers had started, Tsar Kaloyan, who ruled from 1197 to 1207, proved himself…
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Tsar Ivan Assen II (1218 – 1241)

MANY HISTORIANS HAVE WRITTEN of the life and deeds of Ivan Assen II and unanimous by recognize him as one…
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Tsar Ivailo (1278 – 1280)

IN THE LAST DAYS of Ivan Assen's rule, the threat of a Tartar invasion loomed over Bulgaria. His underage sons…
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Tsar Teodor Svetoslav (1300 – 1321)

IN THE EARLY SPRING of 1300 a young Bulgarian was wandering about in the camp of the Tartar Golden Horde.…
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