The Bulgarian health system is mainly controlled by the Ministry of Health.
Free or subsidised state medical care includes hospital, doctor and dental treatment, referrals to a specialist, reduced price medicines and is available for the national insured persons which entitle them to use the state healthcare system.
Holidaymakers should check whether they qualify for free or subsidised health treatment in Bulgaria as part of a reciprocal health agreement. Otherwise, they must choose between a private international health insurance policy and holiday/travel insurance. EU-citizens with health insurance in their home countries are entitled to reduced cost or free medical treatments covered by the Bulgarian social insurance on production of a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC).
About 90% of doctors, dentists and private hospitals in Bulgaria are registered with the National Insurance Fund but if the medics do not have a contract with the National Health Insurance Fund, the patients will be charged the full cost of the treatment and they may be able to seek corresponding reimbursement.
Using an ambulance in cases of emergency is free.
In case you find yourself in an emergency during your stay in Bulgaria, dial 112 to call an ambulance. You can find detailed information on the website of the National Health Insurance Fund or on tel. 0800 14 800.
If you move to Bulgaria to live but you do not pay national insurance contribution, you may be eligible for up to two-and-a-half years of state healthcare cover.